by Greg Macdougall, EquitableEducation.ca — click for mobile-friendly version at mediacoop.ca
Update: now re-published (and proofread) at rabble.ca and Intercontinental Cry
Chaudière Falls area, Ottawa/Gatineau — On November 19, the Assembly of the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador passed a resolution brought forward by Algonquin chiefs to protect the sacred Akikodjiwan falls site on the Ottawa river (Kichizibi), unceded Algonquin territory.
This is in opposition to Windmill Development Group Ltd’s plans, in partnership with Dream Corp, to build a condominium/commercial development named ‘Zibi’ (an Algonquin word meaning river) on the islands at the waterfalls and on the Gatineau shoreline.
Also, Hydro Ottawa has recently started development on a new hydroelectric generating facility at the dammed falls.
The prelude to the points of the resolution cites articles 11 and 12 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the historic Algonquin habitation and patterns of use of this territory, and the destructive history of colonization and asserts the Indigenous rights of the Algonquin Nation to this site and how different levels of government are violating Canadian law and the international human rights of the Algonquin Peoples.
The resolution includes the following:
- a call for immediate government consultation with the Algonquin communities about this site;
- opposition to the rezoning of these lands for development;
- a call for no development until there is free, prior, and informed consent from the Algonquin Nation as a whole;
- demand of the return of the sacred site to the Algonquin Nation;
- demand that the governments purchase all privately-held lands at the site;
- a call for the governments to enter into discussions with the Algonquin chiefs and councils for the establishment of a Algonquin Nation Cultural Park and Historic Commemoration Site at this location.
The AFNQL resolution was passed two days after the Ontario Municipal Board (OMB) dismissed the appeals against the City of Ottawa’s decision from last October to rezone the island lands for the ‘Zibi’ development. The rezoning is a prerequisite for the sale/transfer of these lands from the current holders, Domtar Corp, to Windmill. A minority of the land slated for the development is owned and leased out by Public Works Canada / the National Capital Commission.
The OMB decision to not hear the rezoning appeals stated, in part, “The evidence shows that an extensive consultation process was undertaken by both the City and proponent [aka Windmill] and that the concerns of First Nations particularly the Algonquin have been adequately considered …”
The OMB decision is being challenged at the Ontario Divisonal Court by one of the original appellants, renowned Anishinabe architect Douglas Cardinal. Cardinal is a keeper of the late Algonquin hereditary chief and elder William Commanda’s Asinabka vision for the waterfalls and islands, and has played a leading role in the opposition to the condo/commercial development.
The chief of Wolf Lake First Nation, Harry St. Denis, brought forward the AFNQL resolution, and it was seconded by Jean-Guy Whiteduck, chief of Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation. The resolution was passed unanimously (with one abstention) at last week’s meeting of the AFNQL, a 43-member organization including nine Algonquin chiefs; and although not all the Algonquin chiefs were present for the resolution’s passing, Chief St. Denis confirmed for this article that he had ensured they were all supportive before he brought the resolution forward.
The only federally-recognized Algonquin chief to support the development is Kirby Whiteduck of the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation (located by Golden Lake, Ontario). The Algonquins of Ontario (AOO) organization are also on record in support of the development – the AOO is an organization formed in 2006 to negotiate the eastern Ontario Algonquin land claim that in current form would give up rights to the Ottawa/islands section of the sacred site (along with some 98.7 per cent of the full territory being negotiated in the claim). Seven of the 16 votes in AOO decision-making are held by the Pikwakanagan chief and council, with the other votes coming from the ‘Algonquin Negotiation Representatives’ for each of the nine non-status Algonquin communities included in the land claim process.
Link to full resolution in english (3-pg pdf file)
Link to full resolution in french (3-pg pdf file)
Text of resolution points:
… THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the AFNQL Chiefs-in-Assembly:
- Call upon the governments of Canada, Quebec, Ontario, the National Capital Commission and the municipalities of Gatineau and Ottawa to immediately consult the Algonquin communities who form the Algonquin Nation regarding changes to the status of lands and islands within the Algonquin sacred area Akikodjiwan; and
- Oppose the re-zoning of the sacred area Akikodjiwan (Gatineau Waterfront in Quebec and Chaudiere, Albert and Victoria islands in Ontario) from parks and open space to mixed use due to the failure to consult and accommodate the Algonquin communities who form the Algonquin Nation; and
- Support the Algonquin Nation in their opposition to the Windmill Development Groups’s Zibi Project proceeding within the Algonquin sacred area Akikodjiwan unless and until the free, prior and informed consent of the Algonquin Nation is given; and
- Support the Algonquin Nation in their demand for the Algonquin sacred area Akikodjiwan to be returned to the Algonquin Nation and controlled by an Algonquin controlled institution to be established by the legitimate Algonquin communities who form Algonquin Nation; and
- Support the Algonquin Nation in their demand for the governments of Canada, Ontario, Quebec, Ottawa and Gatineau to purchase any lands privately held within the Algonquin sacred area Akikodjiwan and return those lands to an Algonquin controlled institution to be established by the legitimate Algonquin First nations comprising the Algonquin Nation; and
- Call on the governments of Canada, Quebec, Ontario, the National Capital Commission and the municipalities of Gatineau and Ottawa to immediately contact the duly elected Algonquin Chiefs and Councils forming the Algonquin Nation to discuss the establishment of the proposed Algonquin Nation Cultural Park and Historic Commemoration Site to be established on part of the Akikodjiwan under an Algonquin controlled institution to be established by the legitimate Algonquin Communities who form the Algonquin Nations; and
- Direct the AFNQL Regional Chief to communicate this decision of the AFNQL Chiefs-in-Assembly by letter to the governments of Canada, Ontario, Quebec, Ottawa, Gatineau, the National Capital Commission and the Windmill Development Group.
- Collection of Algonquin voices opposed to ‘Zibi’ condo development on sacred site in Ottawa (Nov 2015)
- Architect Douglas Cardinal on the Chaudière Falls & Islands, and the Windmill condominiums plans (Sept 2014)
- Spirituality, the Chaudière Falls, and Responsibility: Albert ‘South Wind’ Dumont w/ Judith Matheson (Feb 2014)
5 thoughts on “Nine Algonquin chiefs, AFNQL oppose ‘Zibi’ condos and resolve to protect sacred area in Ottawa/Gatineau”
Prayers answered!! Gitchi megwetch to the brave for taking a stand!! I am so grateful and absolutely thrilled!
The Chaudiere falls has always been Kaniengehaga land, our historical rights bearing comunity has no Algonquins listed in the histirical membership record group or in any of our other documents. The Algonquin claim is pre-mature and disregards the true history and heritage from the place in question. Respectfully, It’s time to talk, Niawen.
hi Jason, I (and I’m sure others) would be interested if you have a link(s) that can help us understand more about what you’re saying. In October four of the Algonquin chiefs put out an 8-pg backgrounder – with press release here: https://intercontinentalcry.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Algonquin-First-Nations-Call-Backgrounder-Oct-30-15-FINAL.pdf – that explains some of their position, including “In 1801 when Philemon Wright arrived in what is now known as Hull (Gatineau), Quebec he witnessed Algonquin Peoples’ hunting and operating sugar bush camps on the North shore of our sacred area, and was later visited by Chiefs from the Lake of Two Mountains who questioned his settlement activities on Algonquin territory.”
There is also an article on APTN about this story: http://aptn.ca/news/2015/11/26/ottawa-zibi-condo-project-now-faces-opposition-from-quebec-algonquins/
EDIT: and follow up story on APTN that they are now looking for AFN as a whole (ie the national organization) to make a resolution at the upcoming meetings happening Dec 8-10 http://aptn.ca/news/2015/11/27/quebec-algonquins-want-afn-to-oppose-ottawas-zibi-condo-project/
I hope the new Liberal government will have the support of all of you to send them all the links to this important information all Canadians need to be privy to and aware of. I just spoke to Bob Ray tonight and I hope he will look up http://www.freethefalls.ca Facebook to see the petition being signed by many concerned citizens of planet Mother Earth. Climate change is a huge wake up call asking all of us to walk in solidarity to listen to he wisdom of the Elders and the Grandmothers to hear the indigenous wisdom on how to stewardship and care for and love and respect the water and land critical to all life on Mother Earth that she is sacred. It is time to walk as One. Deep gratitude to all who get informed, inspired, and take positive actions.. Deep thanks to Greg McDougall of Equitable Education for great work he is doing to expand consciousness to new choices by us all. As One Universal Global Humanity we are all called. Let us listen to the voices of Jason and all who will help us understand it is time now to move beyond the past to create together a better future for our grandchildren grandchildren. See also http://www.asinabka.com and let us work together in common cause.